National Museum of Castel Sant'Angelo
This complex represents one of the most enchanting corner of the city of Rome. Every day thousand of visitors walk accross this this bridge to admire the marvellous circular structure of the castle.
In the district of St. Peter’s, at one end of the Ponte Sant’Angelo bridge, on the right bank of the Tiber, we find the imposing Castel Sant’Angelo.
The structure was originally a mausoleum. It had probably been commissioned and built by Hadrian as a tomb for himself and for his successors. The work was initially undertaken by the architect, Demetrianus, around the year 123. It was completed by Antoninus Pius a year after the Emperor’s death.
Since 1925, the structure has hosted the Museo Nazionale di Castel S. Angelo and its historical and arts collections, including relics and other objects of interest regarding the Italian Army, in a monumental setting restored for this purpose. The complex history of this monument, with its many additions and extensions, can be broken down into three principal periods. These periods are represented by the Ancient Roman remains of the imperial mausoleum, by the fortified castle, and by the Papal apartments. These structures host the varied range of exhibits, including sculptures, paintings, works in marble, arms, and furniture and objects acquired from various sources, and in part also recovered during excavation of the spiral ramp of the mausoleum, or transferred from the museums, Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme di Diocleziano, or the former Museo Artistico Industriale. Some exhibits were purchased from the market for antiquaries or were acquired following the shows set up on the occasion of the universal exhibition, or Esposizione Universale, of 1911.
At certain times of the year, the famous “Passetto di Borgo” or “er Corridore” (the corridor) – the fortified and elevated passage on the Mura Vaticane (Vatican walls), linking the Vatican to Castel Sant'Angelo – is open to visitors.
With this corridor, leading directly to the castle from the Palaces of the Vatican, Popes were provided with an escape route to the fortress in times of particular unrest. The fortified structure also permitted control of the surrounding district.
The strategic importance of the “Passetto” was revealed during the darkest, most mysterious and painful moments of the history of Rome and of the Church itself. Alexander VI Borgia used it in 1494, retreating to the Castello when Rome was overrun by the militias of Charles VIII of France. In 1527, Clement VII Medici (1523-1534) used the passageway to reach the Castello during the Sack of Rome at the hands of the Landsknecht mercenary pikemen under Charles VIII. The passageway’s significance, when its function as a means of defence came to an end at the close of the sixteenth century, then declined.
CURIOSITY: In 1527, Pope Clement VII grew a beard, in mourning for Rome, which had been sacked. There are those who say that he grew his beard as a disguise, to facilitate his escape. All the Popes following Clement VII were bearded, up to the time of Paul V.
Lungotevere Castello, 50
Every Day: 9.00am - 7.30pm;
Closed: December 25, January 1
Last entrance at 6.30pm
Telephone: +39 06 6819111 (centralino)
Telephone: +39 06 32810 info e pren. (lun-ven 9-18; sab 9-13)
Web site: http://castelsantangelo.beniculturali.it
Web site: www.castelsantangelo.com/
our adviceSee all
One of the most ancient history and architecture memorials of Rome and the most attractive places for tourist eager to get to know more about Italy culture are the Colosseum and the archeological park that includes a Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill.
During the group tour, you are going to visit the arena of the world`s most popular monument the Flavian Amphitheatre also known as the Colosseum, where gladiatorial battles and public performances were held in the past.
Roman Forum and Palatynski Hill walk will open you a myriad of secrets of the Eternal Old Town: the location of the ancient world's center, the meaning of the political and community life of the Romans, their beliefs and traditions, culture and everyday life.
You will get a chance to get to know the history of the ancient Roman Empire and the names of the prominent emperors who lived here. You are going to hear exciting stories from the ordinary citizens of Rome, which are the part of the historical book of Romanian culture and life.
During the group tour you are going to visit the part of the closed state Vatican, famous museums of Vatican with Sistine Chapel, and St.Peter`s Basilica.
Vatican State is the center of the Catholic world, residential of Pope and the worlds largest heritage place of art expositions with the unique architectural ensemble. Сathedrals, palaces, different galleries, Capellas, and patios are full of amazing murals, mosaics, collections of sculptures and pictorial art, ancients monuments, and Christian shrines have been collected for the last 2000 years. Just in Vatican museums, you can observe about 50 000 subjects located in 1 400 halls.
During the tour, you are going to see the Chiaramonti Museum, Pio Clementino Museum, Raphael Rooms, The Museums of Tapestries, The Hall of Geographical Maps, The Pius-Clementine Museum, The Hall of Sobeski, The Chariot Room, Shyshka Patio, Belvedere Patio, famous Sistine Chapel and many other interesting. At the end of the tour, the guide will escort the group to the Cathedralwit skipping the long line on the St.Peter`s square.